One of the core values that the IB strives to instil in students is personal integrity. It follows the idea that students should understand their responsibilities, how their actions affect others and whether or not their behaviour is fair. While good practice is also highlighted for teachers, it is especially important for students to consider their work carefully as it may have undesirable consequences.
In the eyes of the IB, academic misconduct is any behaviour that could potentially result in a candidate obtaining an unfair advantage during assessment. It is important to note that the behaviour could also be unintentional. Various acts that may be considered a breach of academic honesty include: collusion, plagiarism and the use of unauthorised material.
A common form of misconduct, both intentionally and unwittingly, is plagiarism. The IB defines plagiarism as the representation of work of another person without proper references. Students often forget or poorly cite materials they use online when writing essays. It is highly advisable to stick to a single citation method, such as MLA, to keep things uniform. There are a number of citation generators available to students online, such as this site.
Academic honesty is important to uphold in order to maintain the integrity of education. By following the basic rules, students will be able to provide sources for readers, establish credibility for their own work and develop new skills for learning. More information from the IB on academic honesty can be found here and here.